Blighted ovum: everything you need to know about this condition
A blighted ovum can make pregnant women disappointed because there is no fetus growing in the uterus.
A Blighted Ovum—Pregnant But "Not Pregnant"
You may have read Anne Marianne's experience in the article Successfully Having a Baby After Blighted Ovum. According to the Miscarriage Association, a blighted ovum or anembryonic pregnancy both refer to a condition in which fetal-forming cells stop developing. But at the same time the sac of pregnancy, the place where the fetus will stay, continues to grow.
What is a blighted ovum and why can it occur?
A pregnant woman may not realize she is experiencing a blighted ovum because the stomach remains enlarged as though she is still pregnant. The woman could still show signs of pregnancy such as nausea, dizziness and morning sickness.
A blighted ovum is usually detected at the age of 8 to 13 weeks through an ultrasound process.
What causes it?
Regarding the causes of a blighted ovum, experts suggest several possibilities. First, poor quality of sperm and egg cells or poor cell division could cause this condition. The body of a pregnant woman could read this as an abnormality so that it 'stops' the pregnancy process and results in the fetus not developing further.
Second, TORCH infection (TOxoplasm, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus / CMV and Herpes) can also cause a blighted ovum. Viruses, bacteria or parasites that cause TORCH infection can enter the body of pregnant women through meat that is not perfectly cooked or contaminated with cat feces (Toxoplasma), contact with patients (rubella), blood transfusion or sexual intercourse (CMV and herpes), and poor food hygiene.
Third, ACA (anticardiolipin) which leads to the antiphospholipid syndrome or blood coagulation has been known to cause a blighted ovum. ACA syndrome causes the immune system or the immune system to think of normal protein cells in the blood as "enemies" and freezes / thickens them.
If a pregnant woman experiences ACA, the blood vessels that lead to the fetus have clots and the fetal food can become blocked. As a result the fetus cannot develop.
A blighted ovum will usually be detected when an ultrasound examination is performed in the first trimester of pregnancy.
How to prevent a blighted ovum?
Right now, there is no precise way to prevent the occurrence of a blighted ovum. But you don't need to be discouraged because mothers who have experienced a blighted ovum still have the opportunity to get pregnant and give birth normally. (As experienced by Ms. Anne after suffering Blighted Ovum 2 times).
You only need to wait up to 3 menstrual cycles for sex or conception. If you have a medical history related to TORCH, it's a good idea to get anti-rubella vaccination.
Always keep yourself clean by your washing hands before eating and thoroughly washing your fruits and vegetables. Always wear gloves if you want to clean your cat litter.
In addition, there are suggestions that mothers who do not get pregnant soon after a blighted ovum diagnosis. Do not underestimate this condition. Check your blood viscosity periodically. If blood viscosity is only known during pregnancy, pregnant women should routinely check the pregnancy twice a week until the fetus is 7 months old. Checking ACA levels with laboratory tests also needs to be done by pregnant women at least once every 6 weeks.
Unfortunately there is no way to improve the quality of sperm or eggs that are bad because the quality of both has been determined from birth. Improving your lifestyle and avoiding stress are some of the suggested ways that the quality of your sperm or egg does not decrease further.
References: Nova Tabloid, American Pregnancy Association, Mayo Clinic, Kompas. com, the Miscarriage Association
Also read: What is ectopic pregnancy?