Fumigation dangers: How to keep you family safe?

Fumigation dangers: How to keep you family safe?

It is normal to get frustrated when mosquitoes keep disturbing your sleep or make you sick with malaria. Also, no one wants to have cockroaches running around their space. Fumigation and pest control might seem like the best solution for getting rid of insects and rodents, but you should know the fumigation dangers before you spray your environment.

What is fumigation?

According to Hunker.Com, fumigation means the process of releasing dangerous chemicals into an area to eradicate insects and pests.

These chemicals fill the fumigated area and suffocate the insects and pests. Fumigation can get rid of pests in buildings, crops, produce, soil, and some other structures.

Fumigation is the most extreme form of pest control. Usually, the exterminator (the person doing the fumigation) will spray your home and seal it off for up to 3 days. The chemicals will kill pests and their eggs.

There are fumigation dangers associated with remaining in the environment when the exterminator is spraying the home. So, you will have to leave the house and stay away during the three-day seal off.

Methods of fumigation

There are different methods of fumigation for pest control, and fumigation dangers vary depending on the method. Here are the most popular methods to eliminate pests in the home:

1. Plastic or tape sealing method
With this method, the area is sealed with tape or plastic. This helps to contain the chemicals in a specific area and prevent leakage to other areas. A leakage could reduce the strength of the chemicals and make fumigation less effective.

2. Nylon tent method
The second method of fumigation is the nylon tent method. The exterminator uses a nylon tent to cover the house before spraying. The tent is only removed once the specified time has passed.

In both methods of fumigation, the sealants or nylon tent will come off to allow the chemicals to escape after the stipulated time.

How long does fumigation take?

The timeframe of fumigation will depend on the following:

• Size of the building

• Type of pests

• The temperature of the chemical

• And the amount of the infestation

These factors can help the exterminator decide if the fumigation will last a few hours or even up to a week.

Fumigation chemicals

There are many different types of chemicals for fumigation. Verminkill.com recommends the following chemicals depending on the kind of pest you want to remove.

1. Methyl Bromide

Methyl bromide works against many different kinds of pests. It is useful both in a solid form or a gaseous form. It is effective for pest control in agricultural products. Exterminators sometimes use methyl bromide to fumigate private residences.

2. Magnesium phosphide

Magnesium phosphide comes in granule and powder form. It is dark gray in colour. You should be aware of fumigation dangers of magnesium phosphide if you decide to use it for your home.

This chemical becomes very toxic when it is added to acid or moisture. It works well for fumigating agricultural produce and exterminating rodents.

3. Sulfuryl fluoride

This pressurized gas works best as pest control in residential buildings. Fumigation dangers of this gas are very serious, and it is important to handle it with care. The liquid form of sulfuryl fluoride can cause burns.

Other fumigants include hydrogen cyanide, ethylene dibromide, ethylene dichloride, ethylene oxide, carbon disulphide, propylene dichloride, and dichloronithroethane.

fumigation dangers

Why you may need to fumigate your home

Everyone knows that insects and rodents are creepy and annoying. But those are not the only reasons why people don’t want these dirty crawlers in their homes. They can spread diseases, some of which could lead to death.

Nigeria recently had another outbreak of Lassa fever, which is primarily caused by rats. Houseflies carry parasites that cause cholera and dysentery, and mosquitoes are known to cause malaria. In light of these, here are some of the pests that fumigation can remove:

Bed bugs

Fumigation dangers: possible side effects of fumigation

Fumigation can help you fix infestation issues and stop the spread of disease, but what are the effects of allowing these toxic chemicals in your home?

• Long-term pesticide exposure

It is almost impossible to strictly contain fumigation chemicals in one place. There’s always a risk that these gasses will escape from where it was sprayed and affect other buildings.

These chemicals can migrate and seep into the soil. They can also enter into a water supply.

• Prolonged exposure to some fumigants can lead to unconsciousness or even death

• Some fumigants are highly flammable

• Fumigation dangers like eye irritation are common among exterminators who do not wear their protective gear

• Fumigation chemicals can cause burn and severe skin irritation

• Ethylene oxide, which works to remove so many kinds of insects and pests, can cause respiratory problems

• Prolonged exposure to ethylene dibromide can lead to organ failure, so using it puts the liver and kidneys at risk.


Fumigation might become necessary if your home is infested. It is not advisable to spray your house by yourself, so you should always use the services of a licensed exterminator. Even when your house is sprayed by a professional, you should be aware of fumigation dangers so you’ll know how to protect yourself.

Resources: Hunker.com


FantasticPest Control.Com

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Written by

Julie Adeboye