How To Identify Blood Sugar Levels And Keep Diabetes At Bay
We get our glucose from food, and most foods we eat impact our blood sugar in one way or another. That includes foods that are higher in carbohydrates and sugar, yet lower in fat and fiber, such as baked goods, white-flour breads, soda, and candy. So, essentially, blood sugar is the concentration of glucose in the blood. You need to pay close attention to your blood sugar levels. It should go neither high nor low. High blood sugar levels could lead to diabetes. Low blood sugar levels are also bad for you. This article will show you how to identify blood sugar levels and what to do to monitor it and stay healthy.
How Do You Identify Blood Sugar Levels?
You identify your blood sugar levels by conducting a blood sugar test. A blood sugar test is a procedure that measures the amount of sugar, or glucose, in your blood. Your doctor may order this test to help diagnose diabetes. People with diabetes can also use this test to manage their condition. A blood sugar test has low to no risks or side effects. You may feel soreness, swelling, and bruising at the puncture site, especially if you’re drawing blood from a vein. This should go away within a day.
Blood sugar tests provide instant results and let you know the following:
- your diet or exercise routine needs to change
- how your diabetes medications or treatment is working
- if your blood sugar levels are high or low
- your overall treatment goals for diabetes are manageable
Your doctor may also order a blood sugar test as part of a routine checkup. They may also be looking to see if you have diabetes or prediabetes, a condition where your blood sugar levels are higher than normal. Or gestational diabetes, which is diabetes in pregnancy.
What does a blood sugar test do?
Your doctor may order a blood sugar test to see if you have diabetes or prediabetes. The test will measure the amount of glucose in your blood. Your body takes carbohydrates found in foods like grains and fruits and converts them into glucose. Glucose, a sugar, is one of the body’s main sources of energy. For people with diabetes, a home test helps monitor blood sugar levels. Taking a blood sugar test can help determine your blood sugar level to see if you need to adjust your diet, exercise, or diabetes medications.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can lead to seizures or a coma if left untreated. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) can lead to ketoacidosis, a life-threatening condition that’s often a concern for those with type 1 diabetes.
Ketoacidosis occurs when your body starts using only fat for fuel. Hyperglycemia over a long period can increase your risk for neuropathy (nerve damage), along with heart, kidney, and eye diseases.
Types of blood sugar tests
You can take a blood sugar test two ways. People who are monitoring or managing their diabetes prick their finger using a glucometer for daily testing. The other method is drawing blood.
Blood samples are generally used to screen for diabetes. Your doctor will order a fasting blood sugar (FBS) test. This test measures your blood sugar levels, or a glycosylated hemoglobin, also called a hemoglobin A1C test. The results of this test reflect your blood sugar levels over the previous 90 days. The results will show if you have prediabetes or diabetes and can monitor how your diabetes is controlled.
When to test blood sugar
When and how often you should test your blood sugar depends on the type of diabetes you have and your treatment. Check your blood sugar levels if you feel any of the following symptoms:
- sweaty or chilly
- irritated or impatient
- lightheaded or dizzy
- hungry and nauseous
- tingly or numb in the lips or tongue
- angry, stubborn, or sad
When You’re Pregnant
Some women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. This is when hormones interfere with the way your body uses insulin. It causes sugar to accumulate in the blood. Your doctor will recommend testing your blood sugar regularly if you have gestational diabetes. Testing will make sure that your blood glucose level is within a healthy range. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after childbirth.
What do the results of the blood sugar test mean?
Depending on your condition and the timing of your test, your blood sugar levels should be in the target ranges listed below:
|Time||People without diabetes||People with diabetes|
|before breakfast||under 70-99 mg/dL||80-130 mg/dL|
|before lunch, dinner, and snacks||under 70-99 mg/dL||80-130 mg/dL|
|two hours after eating||under 140 mg/dL||under 180 mg/dL|
How To Lower Your Blood Sugar Levels
- Exercise Regularly.
- Control Your Carb Intake.
- Increase Your Fiber Intake.
- Drink Water and Stay Hydrated.
- Implement Portion Control.
- Choose Foods With a Low Glycemic Index.
- Control Stress Levels.
- Monitor Your Blood Sugar Levels.