See Nigeria's Current Immunization Schedule

See Nigeria's Current Immunization Schedule

Are your child's vaccinations up-to-date?

Immunization is the safest and most reliable way to protect your kids from diseases. It also helps to curb the spread of infections and epidemics. This is why parents and parents-to-be always want to stay abreast of the current immunization schedule in Nigeria. Have a look at the schedule below. as recommended by the World Health Organization.

Newborn babies are immune to many diseases because they have antibodies they got from their mothers. But this immunity goes away during the first year of life. Babies receive vaccines before the mother’s antibodies completely disappear. So if an unvaccinated child is exposed to a germ, the child’s body may not be strong enough to fight the disease. Before vaccines, many children died from diseases that vaccines now prevent, like whooping cough, measles, and polio. And those same germs exist today, but because vaccines now protect babies, we don’t see these diseases nearly as often.

How do vaccines work?

When disease germs enter your body, they start to reproduce. Your immune system recognises these germs as foreign invaders and responds by making proteins called antibodies. These antibodies’ first help destroy the germs that are making you sick. They can’t act fast enough to prevent you from becoming sick, but by eliminating the attacking germs, antibodies help you to get well. Also, the antibodies’ second job is to protect you from future infections. They stay in your bloodstream, and if the same germs ever try to infect you again even after many years, they will defend you. Now that they have experience fighting these particular germs, they can destroy them before they have a chance to make you sick. This is immunity. And it's why most people get diseases like measles or chickenpox only once, even though they might be exposed many times during their lifetime.

Vaccines offer a solution to this problem. They help you develop immunity without getting sick first. Vaccines are made from the same germs or parts of them that cause disease. Once vaccines are introduced to the body, your immune system reacts to the vaccine in a similar way as if it were being invaded by the disease by producing antibodies. These antibodies destroy the vaccine germs just as they would the disease germs. Then they stay in your body, giving you immunity. If you are ever exposed to the real disease, the antibodies are there to protect you.

About The Current Immunization Schedule In Nigeria

nigerian immunization schedule

According to the Nigerian Ministry of Health, your child is fully immunized when he has taken the following:

  • a BCG vaccination against tuberculosis
  • 3 doses of DPT to prevent diphtheria, pertussis, whooping cough and tetanus
  • at least 3 doses of the polio vaccine
  • one doze of measles
  • two dozes of the rotavirus vaccine

Your kids should get the above vaccinations within their first year of life. They will receive them over a course of five visits, including the doses they get at birth.

We've included a table that shows the vaccines that children receive in Nigeria; and their timelines, including the diseases they protect your child from. Also, your hospital will issue you a health card to help you keep track of the vaccines and dozes your child has got. It's important that your kids follow through with every doze unless medically advised. And you'll find that immunization is in all government facilities, except for rotavirus vaccine, which is not yet available for free from the government.

Here's what you should know about the rotavirus vaccine

The rotavirus vaccine is a live vaccine, orally received. It will pass through your child's gut into his diaper for about 3 weeks. So it's important you practise hygiene and washing of hands regularly, especially after every diaper change. For the best protection in children, they get the first and second dose of rotavirus vaccines one month apart.

See This Table For The Current Immunization Schedule In Nigeria

immunization schedule in Nigeria

immunization schedule in Nigeria

The Nigerian Immunization Schedule Protects Your baby From These Diseases

mother and child

Tuberculosis

It’s usually prescribed for vaccination at birth. The disease is airborne and very lethal. It can spread to many organs and cause serious illness. An untreated person can infect up to 15 people a year.

A whooping Cough

Doctors prescribe this vaccine at 6, 10, and 14 weeks. It’s the disease of the respiratory tract. There are bacteria that lives in the throat, mouth, and nose. It’s very dangerous for infants.

Hepatitis B

It’s prescribed at birth, 10 and 16 weeks. It’s a major global health problem that threatens your liver condition. It may cause chronic liver disease and even potential death.

Measles

The usual age of vaccination is nine months. Measles is highly contagious. It continues to be the leading cause of death amongst young children globally.

Polio

The age of vaccination is to be 6, 10, 16 weeks. It mainly affects children under five years of age. One of two hundred infections leads to paralysis. About 5% of children die when their breathing muscles become immobilized. 6. Tetanus Toxoid The usual age of vaccination can be for mother during her pregnancy period, then six months’ vaccine and one year. Muscle spasms are a huge feature of the tetanus toxoid. When the disease progresses it may cause titanic seizures which may lead to death.

Tetanus Toxoid

The usual age of vaccination can be for mother during her pregnancy period, then six months’ vaccine and one year. Muscle spasms are a major symptom of tetanus. When the disease progresses it may cause tetanic seizures which may lead to death.

Yellow Fever

Doctors prescribe this vaccination at your baby's 9th month. There is no specific treatment for yellow fever, but doctors recommend the vaccine for people who live in Africa. The preventable account for this disease in Nigeria due to vaccination is 22%.

Side effects of immunization

The table of vaccination schedule in Nigeria is extremely important to prevent various diseases across the country. Moreover, it helps to reduce children death rate. The side effects of vaccination are contemporary and do not threaten the life of a child. These side effects include soreness, mild fever, and redness in the place of injection.

National Health Insurance Scheme

Also read: Polio: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention And Cure

Written by

AyeeSha