These are the ovarian cyst symptoms you shouldn’t ignore

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Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that appear on a woman’s ovaries. Most times the cysts can present little to no symptoms and the woman could be unaware that she has the condition. However, some women do experience painful ovarian cyst symptoms.

ovarian cysts symptoms

Ovarian cysts can sometimes cause lots of pain

To understand how ovarian cysts can affect a woman’s life, you first of all have to learn about the ovaries and their functions.

The ovaries and the reproductive system

According to Healthline.com, the ovaries are a multi-functional part of the reproductive system. A woman’s ovaries are responsible for producing eggs and the hormones progesterone and estrogen. They can be found at the sides of the uterus.

How do ovarian cysts develop?

Healthline.com suggests that a lot of women develop at least one cyst in their lifetime. These could appear naturally and disappear just as suddenly. The cyst or cysts can appear on only one ovary or affect both ovaries at the same time.

Types of ovarian cysts

No two cysts are the same, and so, to understand ovarian cyst symptoms, one has to know about the different kinds of ovarian cysts.

The two main types of ovarian cysts are:

1. Pathological ovarian cysts
This type of ovarian cyst develops when there is abnormal cell growth. They are not as common as functional ovarian cysts.

2. Functional ovarian cyst
This type of ovarian cyst develops during the menstrual cycle. They dissolve soon after the egg is released.
Other types of ovarian cysts are:

Endometriomas: These are tissues that grow inside the uterus but sometimes they grow outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, causing ovarian cysts.

Cystadenomas: These are non-cancerous growths that sometimes grow on the surface of the ovaries.
Dermoid cysts: These kinds of cysts contain fat, hair and other tissues.

Common ovarian cyst symptoms

Most times, ovarian cysts are asymptomatic, meaning they present no symptoms. But if the growth becomes large or ruptures, these ovarian cyst symptomscould be present:

• Painful sex
• Frequent urination
• Pelvic pain that could be sharp or dull, or just an uncomfortable sensation in the pelvic region
• Infertility and difficulty getting pregnant
• Bloating and abdominal pain
• Tender breasts
• Vomiting and nausea
• Difficulty with bowel movements

In severe cases, these are the more extreme ovarian cysts symptomsa woman could face:

• Rapid heart rate and breathing issues
• Dizziness and fainting spells
• High temperature and frequent fever
• Severe pelvic pain

ovarian cyst symptoms

The good news is that there are many treatment options for this condition

Possible complications from ovarian cyst symptoms

In rare cases, ovarian cyst symptomscan lead to emergency hospital treatment. These are some of the possible complications:

Ruptured cysts
Ruptured cysts can lead to a visit to the emergency room because it can cause internal bleeding and even death.

Cancerous cystic ovarian mass
In most cases, ovarian cysts are non-cancerous and disappear on their own. However, a routine test can show if they have become cancerous.

Ovarian torsion
When cysts grow in abnormal positions, they can cause the ovary to move or become twisted, thereby cutting off blood supply. This can kill the ovarian tissue and the woman may have to get emergency surgery.

How to diagnose ovarian cysts

A pelvic exam can show you whether or not you have this condition. Other tests to determine the location, size, composition and the shape of the cysts are MRI, Ultrasound, and a CT scan.

Treatment for ovarian cyst symptoms

Most doctors will not rush to treat the cysts. Usually, they’ll recommend a waiting period to see if the cysts will disappear on their own. However, if further tests show that the problem hasn’t gone away, your doctor may draw up a treatment plan to take care of the problem.

Treatment options include:

1. Laparotomy
This is the surgical removal of the cyst. After is removed through a large incision, doctors usually test it to make sure it is not cancerous.

2. Birth control
Oral birth control can stop ovulation to decrease the chances of developing cysts in women whose condition are recurrent. Oral contraceptives also help to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in women who have reached menopause.

3. Laparoscopy
Unlike laparotomy, laparoscopy uses a small incision near the navel to extract the cysts, after which a biopsy will be performed to rule out cancer.

Ovarian cyst symptoms can be debilitating. If you read through this article and identify one or two of these symptoms, you should see your doctor.

Resources: NHS

Healthline

Also Read: 6 symptoms of endometriosis you shouldn’t ignore

Written by

Julie Adeboye