These are the ovarian cyst symptoms you shouldn’t ignore
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that appear on a woman’s ovaries. Most times the cysts can present little to no symptoms and the woman could be unaware that she has the condition. However, some women do experience painful ovarian cyst symptoms.
To understand how ovarian cysts can affect a woman’s life, you first of all have to learn about the ovaries and their functions.
The ovaries and the reproductive system
According to Healthline.com, the ovaries are a multi-functional part of the reproductive system. A woman’s ovaries are responsible for producing eggs and the hormones progesterone and estrogen. They can be found at the sides of the uterus.
How do ovarian cysts develop?
Healthline.com suggests that a lot of women develop at least one cyst in their lifetime. These could appear naturally and disappear just as suddenly. The cyst or cysts can appear on only one ovary or affect both ovaries at the same time.
Types of ovarian cysts
No two cysts are the same, and so, to understand ovarian cyst symptoms, one has to know about the different kinds of ovarian cysts.
The two main types of ovarian cysts are:
1. Pathological ovarian cysts
This type of ovarian cyst develops when there is abnormal cell growth. They are not as common as functional ovarian cysts.
2. Functional ovarian cyst
This type of ovarian cyst develops during the menstrual cycle. They dissolve soon after the egg is released.
Other types of ovarian cysts are:
Endometriomas: These are tissues that grow inside the uterus but sometimes they grow outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, causing ovarian cysts.
Cystadenomas: These are non-cancerous growths that sometimes grow on the surface of the ovaries.
Dermoid cysts: These kinds of cysts contain fat, hair and other tissues.
Common ovarian cyst symptoms
Most times, ovarian cysts are asymptomatic, meaning they present no symptoms. But if the growth becomes large or ruptures, these ovarian cyst symptoms could be present:
• Painful sex
• Frequent urination
• Pelvic pain that could be sharp or dull, or just an uncomfortable sensation in the pelvic region
• Infertility and difficulty getting pregnant
• Bloating and abdominal pain
• Tender breasts
• Vomiting and nausea
• Difficulty with bowel movements
In severe cases, these are the more extreme ovarian cysts symptoms a woman could face:
• Rapid heart rate and breathing issues
• Dizziness and fainting spells
• High temperature and frequent fever
• Severe pelvic pain
Possible complications from ovarian cyst symptoms
In rare cases, ovarian cyst symptoms can lead to emergency hospital treatment. These are some of the possible complications:
Ruptured cysts can lead to a visit to the emergency room because it can cause internal bleeding and even death.
Cancerous cystic ovarian mass
In most cases, ovarian cysts are non-cancerous and disappear on their own. However, a routine test can show if they have become cancerous.
When cysts grow in abnormal positions, they can cause the ovary to move or become twisted, thereby cutting off blood supply. This can kill the ovarian tissue and the woman may have to get emergency surgery.
How to diagnose ovarian cysts
A pelvic exam can show you whether or not you have this condition. Other tests to determine the location, size, composition and the shape of the cysts are MRI, Ultrasound, and a CT scan.
Treatment for ovarian cyst symptoms
Most doctors will not rush to treat the cysts. Usually, they’ll recommend a waiting period to see if the cysts will disappear on their own. However, if further tests show that the problem hasn’t gone away, your doctor may draw up a treatment plan to take care of the problem.
Treatment options include:
This is the surgical removal of the cyst. After is removed through a large incision, doctors usually test it to make sure it is not cancerous.
2. Birth control
Oral birth control can stop ovulation to decrease the chances of developing cysts in women whose condition are recurrent. Oral contraceptives also help to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer in women who have reached menopause.
Unlike laparotomy, laparoscopy uses a small incision near the navel to extract the cysts, after which a biopsy will be performed to rule out cancer.
Ovarian cyst symptoms can be debilitating. If you read through this article and identify one or two of these symptoms, you should see your doctor.