Sexually transmitted diseases list: symptoms and treatments STDs
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections contracted mainly through oral, vaginal or anal sexual contact. But why are they prevalent among sexually-active people? In Nigeria, lack of knowledge is the most probable cause of the prevalence of these diseases. If people were familiar with the sexually transmitted diseases list, they would most likely know how to prevent and treat them well.
After extensive research, we have compiled a comprehensive sexually transmitted disease list. This list features many well-known STDs and some you may not have been aware of.
Sexually transmitted diseases list:
• Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
• Bacterial Vaginosis
• Genital Herpes
• Viral Hepatitis (HBV)
Arguably the most prevalent of all STDs, chlamydia is curable through oral and intravenous antibiotics. The disease-causing organism attacks women’s cervixes and men’s penile urethras. Common symptoms include pain during intercourse, as well as vaginal and penile discharges in females and males respectively.
Most people seem to be asymptomatic, meaning that you can have chlamydia without knowing you do. This explains why it is one of the most transmitted infections of the sexually transmitted diseases list. Abstinence and condoms are the most effective ways to avoid contracting chlamydia.
Gonorrhea is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection. Carriers of the diseases usually don’t show symptoms. In some cases, gonorrhea will cause painful urination and discharge. This disease can also affect the throat when contracted through oral sex. It can be treated with oral or intravenous antibiotics.
If symptoms continue, ask your health care provider to check for antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea. Whatever you do, ensure that you treat your current partner to prevent reinfection.
3. Genital (and oral) herpes
Herpes is a viral infection. Although viral diseases are rarely treated via prescription drugs, genital herpes is often treated with antiviral medications, particularly in delicate cases like during pregnancy. Infected pregnant women take daily doses of this antiviral medication to reduce the risk of infecting the fetus.
There is no cure for herpes. Like HIV/AIDs, herpes can only be managed. The medications available only serve to reduce the severity of the symptoms. Physicians closely monitor women who contract the disease during pregnancy.
4. Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Recent reports by the World Health Organization showed that HPV causes cervical cancer. Sadly this incurable viral infection affects only women. Vaccination is the only mode of prevention. Girls and women are advised to go for cervical screenings.
When the causative genital warts are detected early, a physician can treat them. Human Papillomavirus is one of the most dangerous of all the diseases on the sexually transmitted diseases list.
Syphilis is another bacterial infection which, when noticed early, can be cured with one intramuscular shot of antibiotic. However, patients are advised to abstain from intercourse until their chancre sores are healed.
Prolonged syphilis infections require more severe treatment regiments. If left untreated, syphilis can lead to health complications and ultimately, death.
6. Bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis is often cured with strong antibiotics. Pregnant women who contract this disease are at risk of giving birth to preterm newborns. Their babies are also at risk of having birth defects and dangerously low birth weights.
Like all bacterial sexually transmitted diseases, trichomoniasis is treated with strong antibiotics. This STI is notorious for reoccurring after treatment and so it is important to treat all current sexual partners. The goal is to prevent reinfection.
8. Viral hepatitis
Hepatitis A, B and C are arguably the most dangerous of all the infections on the sexually transmitted diseases list. Hepatitis A, B and C can cause permanent infections and chronic liver diseases. Although new treatments are accessible, patients must take care not to transmit the disease to sexual partners.
Although no cure has been found for HIV/AIDS, this sexually transmitted disease can be managed. The times have changed and HIV/AIDS is no longer the death sentence it used to be.
Recent research has produced different combinations of antiretroviral drugs, which can reduce the viral load to barely noticeable proportions. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy effectively represses the virus, boosts the immune system, and minimizes chances of transmission. People living with the virus are advised to take their drugs religiously.
How to manage STDs
If detected early, infections on the sexually transmitted diseases list can be managed. Early detection can save the fetus from contracting the infection during pregnancy or delivery. Qualified gynaecologists conduct tests on the women during antenatal care sessions. The goal is to protect the child and treat any STI the woman might have.