What Are The Causes Of Irregular Periods?

What Are The Causes Of Irregular Periods?

Our bodies differ from person to person. Therefore, there is no specific menstrual cycle. However, every woman has a cycle of 24 to 34 days and lasts for 2-8 days. Your period is considered irregular if your cycle is longer than 38 days and the period dates fluctuate a lot. The causes of irregular periods vary and it is important that you find out why.

Causes Of Irregular Period

what causes irregular periods

Although there are times you might experience irregular periods due to stress or your body's hormones just acting up. Irregular periods can cause infertility in women, and be a symptom of an underlying issue. Here are the possible reasons you have an irregular period:

  • Stress:

When your body goes through a lot of stress, it affects the part of the body responsible for producing hormones. Consequently, it leads to an ovarian dysfunction which results in irregular periods. When this happens, it is important you reduce your stress level so that your body can revert back to normal.

  • Pregnancy

Pregnancy can cause irregular periods. If you had unprotected sex around the time you started experiencing this, it is advisable you run a pregnancy test.

  • Excessive Exercise

Too much exercise also affects the hormones responsible for menstruation. This condition is also known as athletic amenorrhea. It is a result of low body fat and can be treated by increasing your calorie count and exercising moderately. Mostly it happens to women athletes, and other women who exercise excessoively.

  • Excessive Weight Gain

If you gain weight rapidly, it could result in irregular periods. Excessive weight gain does nott only affect your hormones but also impacts your insulin levels. In turn, it cause you to experience irregularites in your menstrual cycle,

  • IUD

Intrauterine devices that contain hormones can also cause your periods to become irregular. For some Intrauterine devices, this is to be expected for the first 3 months after insertion. If it continues after this time, then you need to see your doctor.

  • Hormonal Contraceptives

Besides Intrauterine devices, hormonal shots as contraceptives can also mess with your periods. Abuse of emergency contraceptive pills can also cause light or heavy periods, and an irregular cycle.

  • PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects women who have more male hormones than normal. This condition leads to hormonal imbalance that causes irregular periods and also infertility. Also, if you suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome, you will experience heavy bleeding when you get your period.

  • Endometriosis

This is a condition that affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age. Endometriosis is caused when the tissue that lines your uterus starts to grow outside of your uterus. Besides causing irregular periods, it also causes very painful periods. You may also experience heavy bleeding outside of your cycle. There is currently no cure for this, but it can be medically managed.

  • Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer can also cause irregular periods. This is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervix. It is caused by a human papillomavirusn(HPV) which is transmitted through sex. This can be prevented through vaccinations.

Treatment Of Irregular periods.

treatment of irregular period

Because irregular periods are sometimes common, you don't always require treatment for them. However if you notice these things, you need to call your doctor:

  • If your periods have stopped for more than 3 months and you have undergone a medical test that shows you are not pregnant.
  • When your periods suddenly become irregular
  • If your period lasts longer than 7 days
  • When you use up more than one pad every one or two hours
  • If you develop severe pain during your period
  • When your period cycles  are less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart
  • If you experience spotting between periods
  • you experience other symptoms, such as unusual discharge or fever

What Are The Causes Of Irregular Periods?

In the event that you experience irregular periods, there are a few things you could also do:

  • If you are using an intrauterine device, your doctor could make recommendations for a safer option.
  • Do not abuse emergency contraceptive options (morning-after pills)
  • If it is due to excessive exercise, then your work out routine needs to be worked on and moderate
  • Rapid weight loss or being underweight can be a factor. In this case, you need to get on a healthy weight gain diet.
  • If you are overweight, then you need to lose weight in a healthy way.
  • When it is caused by PCOS, there are hormones that can regularize your period which should be prescribed by your doctor.

When you notice your periods have become irregular, make sure to see your doctor. This will help them eliminate that it is a sign of a life-threatening disease. They can also treat it on time.


Read also: Here is how to get pregnant with irregular periods

Source: Web MD

Written by

Lydia Ume